Table 2: Pharmacology of Ginkgo Biloba.
Ginkgolides and Bilobalides

Improve brain hypoxia by increasing cerebral blood flow via:

  • Arterial vasodilation
  • Stimulation of prostaglandin biosynthesis
  • Indirect stimulation of norepinephrine

Improve cerebral metabolism
Inhibit cerebral edema
Inhibit platelet activating factor

Prevention of ischemic brain damage via:

  • Reduction in capillary fragility
  • Decreased blood viscosity
  • Decreased erythrocyte aggregation
  • Increased erythrocyte flexibility

Antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties

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